first domestication of horses

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first domestication of horses

Post by mazrush on Fri Mar 06, 2009 2:39 pm

Researchers from Exeter university have found evidence of horse domesticatio even earlier than was previously thought. And how did they know that the horses had been domesticated? Damage to their teeth and jawbones from bits! read more in the link below,

http://www.nature.com/news/2009/090305/full/news.2009.141.html?s=news_rss
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Re: first domestication of horses

Post by Cyndi on Fri Mar 06, 2009 6:38 pm

I can see why some people have such a hard time getting away from using bits, since they've been used for so many years! Not that it's right, but it's been done for a long time.

Pardon my ignorance, but how do the leg bones differ between a domesticated horse and a wild one, as I seem to recall a reference to that in the article? Does the weight of a rider cause changes in the bones?
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Re: first domestication of horses

Post by mazrush on Wed Mar 11, 2009 5:25 pm

It seems that it is selective breeding that changes the build of the horse and the density of bone. The article I posted seems to have disappeared but there is more information in the article below.

http://www.sciam.com/blog/60-second-science/post.cfm?id=first-domesticated-horses-in-centra-2009-03-05

and again it points out that they can tell that bits were used on horses by the damage to bones and teeth.
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Re: first domestication of horses

Post by FlorayG on Thu Mar 12, 2009 4:40 pm

And note that horses must have been domesticated a lot longer than that, then. Nobody would have invented the bit first and then thought, hmmm, what can I use this for, then?
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Re: first domestication of horses

Post by Sydney on Fri Mar 13, 2009 7:58 am

Pardon my ignorance, but how do the leg bones differ between a
domesticated horse and a wild one, as I seem to recall a reference to
that in the article? Does the weight of a rider cause changes in the
bones?

They are probably referring to cracks in the splint bone. They would have formed calcification and what we know as "splints" on the horses cannon bone. From all that I can find splints are a modern, domesticated horse ailment and did not occur until riders were pushing or breeding horses past what they were meant for in the wild.

Splint bones are the remains of what used to be the second toe. It's completely useless today because as we know, they only have one toe left.

Funny how they consider the methods that some privative horsemen had to be barbaric but they still use bits, even when evidence is there smacking them in the face day after day.
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